The History of Glass


Noone really knows who discovered glass first. The earliest recorded use of glass was by the Egyptians to glaze tiles, make figures and create the some of the earliest beads. What we do know is that mankind throughout time has made unique uses and decor out of glass. It is created by combining sand while applying heat that creates a clear and glossy liquid. When mixed with other materials the glass can change its color. When this substance cools it starts to keep its shape and color which leads to amazing and creative concoctions.


The first few glass vessels were very different than those of today. They weren’t as crystal clear with lots of imperfections such as undissolved sand and seeds of bubbles. During a good portion of the Second Century, the use of glass started to spread all over the Middle East and Mediterranean. Ancient Greece started to make the some of the first glassware to use a pipe like blower. This not only made functional object but also decorative ones as well. Up until the Third Century glass was a status symbol of the rich and noble. Then it was used as vessels for storage mainly for drinking but oils and early elixirs that passed as medicine were also stored. The drinking glasses and wine bottle were becoming a common commodity as more and more of the lower class started to use them. This became prominent in the Fourth Century when the cost of glass merchandise became more affordable and available. This caused a more competitive drive and sparked more creative ways to make glass stand out such as adding gold and silver to the mixture to and vibrance to the public market.


Around 1400 AD Venice, Italy was the master champion of the glass market due to the good sand and location. The city had so many glass houses that it was decided that they all moved to the island of Murano by the bay and remain there still to this day. The grand wealth this brought to Venice is a massive indicator of its growth and power.

Unfortunately, the people were practically prisoners on the island to avoid competition creating one of the biggest monopolies of that time period. It wasn’t long after that Germany and France started to master and perfected Venice techniques that created a more competitive market. This was also the time the invention of the window came along. This revolutionize the building industry and lead to many beautiful and colorful displace for the churches and noblemen’s homes. Many years later when The New World was discovered and colonized and many glass workers were imported there due to the rich new resources. It was a massive struggle at first but New Jersey and Pennsylvania manage to master the trade.

The art of glass has developed into many forms, and lots of creative things are crafted nowadays. Pipes and bongs used for smoking legal herbs are among the most outstanding types of glass products. Here’s a website that provides detailed information about them: